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  • 49
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  • Belgian
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  • I speak English and Polish
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Author: Maciamo Hay. Red hair, a Celto-Germanic trait? Where is red hair more common?

Description

The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense. As a result of a of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. During the subsequent PPNB from BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house.

Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter — gatherer societies.

9 natural redhe from different backgrounds and ethnicities

The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age about BC. There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there.

The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was hair in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to asians of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise. The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on red ground among the besieged Christian community. It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace — without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

There is no with etc.

Why the trope of rebellious asian women with colorful hair is problematic

This because knowledge is more important than rules and regulations. Address:. Posted by Sjur Cappelen Papazian on January 25, Red-haired variants of the MC1R gene probably arose about years ago. Red hair is very rare in Scandinavia and Germany today.

Red hairstyles for asian women

It is an Iranictrait. Red hair came to Europe from the Iranic-speaking steppe tribes whoinhabited the areas north of and around the Black Sea from 4, years agoto the 6th century, when they were replaced by the Slavs whose predominanthair color is shades of brown and dark blonde. The answer is the ginger gene shows up in people of many ethnicities. Red hair is a recessive genetic trait caused by a series of mutations in the melanocortin 1 receptor MC1Ra gene located on chromosome It appears in people with two copies of a recessive gene on chromosome 16 which causes a mutation in the MC1R protein.

As a recessive trait it must be inherited from both parents to cause the hair to become red. Consequently there are far more people carrying the mutation for red hair than people actually having red hair. This is because some people only carry one or a few of the several possible MC1R mutations.

The lightness of the hair ultimately depends on other mutations regulating the general pigmentation of both the skin and hair. Red hair varies from a deep burgundy through burnt orange to bright copper.

It is characterized by high levels of the reddish pigment pheomelanin and relatively low levels of the dark pigment eumelanin. The term redhead has been in use since at least It is associated with fair skin color, lighter eye colors gray, blue, green, and hazelfreckles, and sensitivity to ultraviolet light. Cultural reactions have varied from ridicule to admiration; many common stereotypes exist regarding redhe and they are often portrayed as fiery-tempered.

The Out-of-Africa model proposes that modern humans originated in Africa and migrated north to populate Europe and Asia.

Important information

It is most likely that these migrants had a functional MC1R variant and, accordingly, dark hair and skin as displayed by indigenous Africans today. As humans migrated north, the absence of high levels of solar radiation in northern Europe and Asia relaxed the selective pressure on active MC1R, allowing the gene to mutate into dysfunctional variants without reproductive penalty, then propagate by genetic drift.

There is no evidence for positive selection of MC1R alleles in Europe and no evidence of an association between MC1R and the evolution of light skin in European populations.

The pigment pheomelanin gives red hair its distinctive color. Red hair has far more of the pigment pheomelanin than it has of the dark pigment eumelanin. The genetics of red hair, discovered inappear to be associated with the melanocortin-1 receptor MC1Rwhich is found on chromosome Red hair is associated with fair skin color because low concentrations of eumelanin throughout the body of those with red hair caused by a MC1R mutation can cause both. The lower melanin concentration in skin confers the advantage that a sufficient concentration of important Vitamin D can be produced under low light conditions.

South asian redhe?

However, when UV-radiation is strong as in regions close to the equator the lower concentration of melanin le to several medical disadvantages, such as a higher risk of skin cancer. The MC1R recessive variant gene that gives people red hair and non-tanning skin is also associated with freckles, though it is not uncommon to see a redhead without freckles. Eighty percent of redhe have an MC1R gene variant, and the prevalence of these alleles is highest in Scotland and Ireland.

Red asian can originate from several changes on the MC1R-gene. If one of these changes is present on both chromosomes then the respective with is likely to have red hair. This type of inheritance is described as an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. Even if both parents do not have red hair themselves, both can be carriers for the gene and have a redheaded. Genetic studies of dizygotic fraternal twins indicate that the MC1R gene is not red responsible for the red hair phenotype; unidentified modifier genes exist, making variance in the MC1R gene necessary, but not hair sufficient, for red hair production.

Red hair is the rarest natural hair color in humans. The non-tanning skin associated with red hair may have been advantageous in far-northern climates where sunlight is scarce. Studies by Bodmer and Cavalli-Sforza hypothesized that lighter skin pigmentation prevents rickets in colder climates by encouraging higher levels of Vitamin D production and also allows the individual to retain heat better than someone with darker skin.

Can asians have red hair?

InHarding et al. In Africa, for example, red hair is selected against because high levels of sun would be harmful to untanned skin. However, in Northern Europe this does not happen, so redhe come about through genetic drift. Estimates on the original occurrence of the currently active gene for red hair vary from 20, toyears ago.

A DNA study has concluded that some Neanderthals also had red hair, although the mutation responsible for this differs from that which causes red hair in modern humans. Red hair has long been associated with Celtic people.

25 asian hair color ideas that will highlight your pinay beauty

Both the ancient Greeks and Romans described the Celts as redhe. The Romans extended the description to Germanic people, at least those they most frequently encountered in southern and western Germany. It still holds true today. Several s by Greek writers mention redheaded people. A fragment by the poet Xenophanes describes the Thracians as blue-eyed and red-haired. Although red hair is an almost exclusively northern and central European phenomenon, isolated cases have also been found in the Middle East, Central Asia notably among the Tajiksas well as in some of the Tarim mummies from Xinjiang, in north-western China.

In Asia, red hair has been found among the ancient Tocharians, who occupied the Tarim Basin in what is now the northwesternmost province of China. Caucasian Tarim mummies have been found with red hair dating to the 2nd millennium BC. So what do all these people have in common?

Yet, as we will see, all these people share a common ancestry that can be traced back to a single Y-chromosomal haplogroup: R1b. It has been suggested that red hair could have originated in Paleolithic Europe, especially since Neanderthal also had red hair.

The only Neanderthal specimen tested so far from Croatia did not carry the same MC1R mutation responsible for red hair in modern humans the mutation in question in known as ArgGly. But since Neanderthals evolved alongside Homo Sapiens foryears, and had numerous subspecies across all Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia, it cannot be ruled out that one particular subspecies of Neanderthal passed on the MC1R mutation to Homo Sapiens.

It is however unlikely that this happened in Europe, because red hair is conspicuously absent from, or very low in parts of Europe with the highest percentages of haplogroup I e.

We must therefore look for the source of red hair, elsewhere. The origins of haplogroup R1b are complex, and shrouded in controversy to this day. The present author favours the theory of a Middle Eastern origin a point upon which very few population geneticists disagree followed by a migration to the North Caucasus and Pontic Steppe, serving as a starting point for a Bronze-age invasion of the Balkans, then Central and Western Europe. This theory also happens to be the only one that explains the presence of red hair among the Udmurts, Central Asians and Tarim mummies.

Haplogroup R1b probably split from R1a during the Upper Paleolithic, roughly 25, years ago. The most likely location was Central Asia, around what is now the Caspian Sea, which only became a sea after the last Ice Age ended and the ice caps over western Russia melted. After the formation of the Caspian Sea, these nomadic hunter-gatherers, ended up on the greener and richer Caucaso-Anatolian side of the Caspian, where they may have domesticated local animals, such as cows, pigs, goats and sheep.

The mutation probably passed on to some other extinct? Otherwise, it could also have arisen independently among R1b people as late as the Neolithic period but no later. Today, red hair is most commonly found at the northern and western fringes of Europe; it is associated particularly with the people located in the British Isles although Victorian era.

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