- How old am I:
- I'm english
- Tone of my eyes:
- Big brown eyes
- What is my Zodiac sign:
- My figure features:
- My figure type is muscular
- What is my favourite music:
- I like to listen jazz
- I like:
Posted January 12, Reviewed by Ekua Hagan. Topics to cover on my Psychology Today blog come to me in one of many ways including while passively watching television. This triggered my interest to find out whether studies had been conducted to explore the role of facial scars on facial attractivenesswhich led me to a study authored by Robert P. Burriss, Hannah M. Rowland, and Anthony C. Little and published in Personality and Individual Differences.
I recently noticed a curious phenomenon playing out on various television series. Joe MacMillan of Halt and Catch Fire was permanently disfigured from a rooftop fall when he was. A s a cultural anthropologist, I look for social patterns and explore how they evolve over time. These shows prompted me to think about patterns in scars: Why do humans have different views about scars on men versus women? What kind of assumptions do people make about others based on their scars? How does scarring in modern times differ from scarification in traditional societies?
How are the facial scars perceived?
S cars are embodied history—stories on our skin waiting to be told. They tell powerful human tales of violence, pain, survival, renewal, second chances, victory, and connection through traditional rituals. Scars preserve the past; they become somatic museums. If we remember that the navel is basically a scar, we all begin with a scar.
But it gets much more complicated—and interesting—than that. G et our newsletter with new stories delivered to your inbox every Friday. N o one knows when humans started practicing deliberate scarification, because skin does not preserve well over thousands of years. But rock paintings in Algeria from around B. S carification was common in traditional societies of sub-Saharan Africa, New Guinea, and Australia, perhaps in part because scar patterns are more conspicuous on darker skin than tattoos which were important, too.
In some cultures, a sharp tool was used to slice line patterns into the skin. Sometimes, irritants such as caustic plants, charcoal, or ground cashews were added to fresh cuts to stimulate raised scars that resemble be. Actor Michael K. Williams was razored by a stranger on his 25th birthday—leaving a facial scar that led him to be cast in roles that embody tough and strong characters, often involving crime and violence. S carification is becoming less widespread today, but it is still practiced by many communities.
Scar patterns are a way to inscribe bodies and faces with visual messages that convey meaning to a group. They are identity cards showing tribe, clan, gender, and sometimes age or social status. F or the Baule people of southern Ivory Coast, scarification is a symbol of culture and civilization that separates them from animals.
The Yoruba people of Nigeria traditionally scarred their faces with stripes to mark them as members of the community even as they were displaced by slavery, conflicts, and marriage. S carification is also a rite of guy, separating individuals from a former status and initiating them into a new one. Nuer boys of the Sudan and Ethiopia came of age in a gaar with, during which six parallel lines were cut across their forehe. The newly scarred men could marry, own cattle, and go to war. Among the Nuba in Sudan, scarification traditionally indicated social status and maturity; scars received successive marks at puberty, first menstruation, and after weaning their first.
S cars given to infants and young children identified them in specific ways or conferred protection. Enduring painful rituals of scarification might be traumatic, but the ordeal was also a welcome test of toughness with Hot, and the scars were a that one had become a new person worth admiring. What girl would look at a man if his scars had not cost him pain?
What scars say about sex and stereotypes
Tribal scarification from a coming-of-age ritual, shown here on a man in Papua New Guinea. N evertheless, scarification is declining, due to concerns over infectious diseasespressure from governments that think scars are unpatriotic because they express loyalty to tribes, and changing cultural norms.
Among the Bini of southern Nigeriaboth tattooing and scarification have been replaced by distinctive clothing styles; some tunics are imprinted with scarification marks where they were once inscribed on the body. Nigerian Igbo scarification has moved from bodies to des painted by women on houses and pottery. Ivory Coast—based photographer Joana Choumali documented men and women who told her they were once proud of their facial scarification but became ashamed of it when they moved to urban areas and encountered discrimination and ridicule.
P eople make judgments about others based on their scars because scars tell stories—of social identity, of individual choices, and even of personality.
W hen writer and actor Tina Fey was 5 years old, a stranger slashed her face, leaving a still-prominent mark by her mouth. He was reluctant to report his facial wounds to his parents, since it would reveal that he was distracted from his studies. After Boas began his first academic position in the U. Scars can convey positive or negative messages about the bearer depending on the circumstances and severity of the scarring.
U nlike scarification, which tells a story of scar membership, Hot scars today record tales of individual experience. S evere scars that disfigure the face are seen as not only unattractive but also a of bad character.
In a studyPenn Medicine scientists found that participants perceived people with facial disfigurement as being emotionally unstable, untrustworthy, unhappy, and less intelligent. S uch stereotypes are expressed in entertainment fiction. Williams, whose face was razored in real life. In a study in the U. Women rated men with facial scars as more attractive for short-term relationships. They showed an equal preference for scarred and unscarred men for long-term relationships. The DC Comics character the Joker, played by Heath Ledger, displays how guy scars can be used to characterize evil.
F or men, minor scars are, like wrinkles, generally considered positive: They provide a rugged lookreinforcing impressions of strength and fortitude.
Scars are sexy assertions of masculinity. They are trophies of heroism and toughness. They not only differentiate men from women; they also give rise to manliness rankings among men.
N owhere is the one-upmanship of scars and masculinity better shown than in the blockbuster movie Jaws. In a moment of male bravado and poignancy, shark hunter Quint and shark expert Matt Hooper compete to show their scars. They volley back and forth, showing scars from a St.
Then the story turns dark and somber as Quint explains the story behind a scar on his forearm. When his ship was torpedoed, he suffered four days in the ocean as sharks devoured hundreds of his shipmates. Quint effectively wins the manliness contest, since his scar represents the endurance of unspeakable terror.
B y contrast, scars on women are rare in the entertainment industry and in media. The message seems to be that women should be scar-free or, if possible, conceal all scarred areas. But in a study of breast cancer survivors, participants rated women with breast scarring as less attractiveand they ranked celebrities with breast scars as especially unattractive.
M any women have said that their partners feel disgusted or turned off by their mastectomy scars. Side view of a scar following breast reconstruction surgery after a mastectomy. W hen men have scars that represent the endurance of pain, they can be seen as sexier.
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But the same is not necessarily true of women. Pregnancy and birth scars epitomize this view. Giving birth can be an excruciatingly painful experience that is certainly worth honoring. Yet many women are especially self-conscious of their Cesarean birth scars and pregnancy stretch marks and invest ificant money and effort to reduce them.
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T here are s that the gendered social anxieties surrounding scars are slowly changing. In The Scar Project and a Huffington Post photo serieswomen reveal their scars and proudly celebrate what the marks symbolize: resilience, risk-taking, bravery, and survival. Alternatively, some breast cancer survivors are getting tattoos that transform their mastectomy scars into beautiful body art that projects positive images. S till, even metaphorical scars caused by psychological wounds are infused with inequalities.
W hether literal or metaphorical, deliberate or accidental, profound or trivial, scars reveal relationships between individuals and their places in society: He was wounded in a war because he felt compelled to serve. She decided to have a hip replacement because the pain was crippling. He once felt so bad he attempted suicide by cutting his wrists. She survived cancer and is moving forward with hope.
A scar always represents pain endured. Pain is part of what it means to be humanand scars become silent proof of that humanity.
For some, scars symbolize that life is full of pain and suffering that must be endured with strength and stoicism. Christine Weeber. Richard Kemeny.