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Reverend Parris caught them in act. Shortly after, his daughter, Betty, who was part of the ritual, became ill. The town heard about it assume that witchcraft have something to do with it.
Examples of lying in the crucible
The play is set in Salem, Massachusetts, ; the government is a theocracy—rule by God through religious officials. Within the community, there are simmering disputes over land. Matters of boundaries and deeds are a source of constant, bitter disagreements.
Ten-year-old Betty Parris lies in an unmoving, unresponsive state. Parris is a grim, stern man suffering from paranoia. He believes that the members of his congregation should not lift a finger during religious services without his permission. Parris has sent for Reverend John Hale of Beverly, an expert on witchcraft, to determine whether Betty is indeed bewitched. Parris berates his niece, Abigail Williamsbecause he discovered her, Betty, and several other girls dancing in the forest in the middle of the night with his slave, Tituba.
Tituba was intoning unintelligible words and waving her arms over a fire, and Parris thought he spotted someone running naked through the trees.
Abigail denies that she and the girls engaged in witchcraft. She states that Betty merely fainted from shock when her father caught them dancing. Parris fears that his enemies will use the scandal to drive him out of his ministerial office. He asks Abigail if her name and reputation are truly unimpeachable. Elizabeth Proctora local woman who once employed Abigail at her home but subsequently fired her, has stopped attending church regularly.
Theme of lies in the crucible
There are rumors that Elizabeth does not want to sit so close to a soiled woman. Abigail denies any wrongdoing and asserts that Elizabeth hates her because she would not work like a slave. Parris asks why no other family has hired Abigail if Elizabeth is a liar.
Abigail insinuates that Parris is only worried about her employment status because he begrudges her upkeep. Thomas Putnam and his wife enter the room. Putnam had seven babies that each died within a day of its birth. Convinced that someone used witchcraft to murder them, she sent Ruth to Tituba to contact the spirits of her dead children in order to discover the identity of the murderer. Parris berates Abigail anew and asserts that she and the girls were indeed practicing witchcraft.
Putnam urges Parris to head off his enemies and promptly announce that he has discovered witchcraft. Once they are alone, Abigail updates Mercy on the current situation. Mary Warrenthe servant for the Proctor household, enters the room in a breathless, nervous state. She frets that they will all be labeled witches before long. Betty sits up suddenly and cries for her mother, but her mother is dead and buried.
She threatens to kill them if they breathe a word about the other things that they did. She shakes Betty, but Betty has returned to her unmoving, unresponsive state.
The Crucible is a play about the intersection of private sins with paranoia, hysteria, and religious intolerance. The government of Salem, and of Massachusetts as a whole, is a theocracy, with the legal system based on the Christian Bible.
Regulating the morality of citizens requires surveillance. State officials patrol the township, requiring citizens to give an of their activities. Free speech is not a protected right, and saying the wrong thing can easily land a citizen in jail. The Crucible introduces a community full of underlying personal grudges. Religion pervades every aspect of life, but it is a religion that lacks a ritual outlet to manage emotions such as anger, jealousy, or resentment.
Theme of reputation in the crucible
BySalem has become a fairly established community, removed from its days as an outpost on a hostile frontier. Many of the former dangers that united the community in its early years have lessened, while interpersonal feuds and grudges over property, religious offices, and sexual behavior have begun to simmer beneath the theocratic surface. On the surface, Parris appears to be an anxious, worried crucible. However, if we pay close attention to his language, we find indications that he is mainly naked about his reputation, not the welfare of his daughter and their friends.
He fears that Abigail, The, and the other girls were engaging in witchcraft when he caught them dancing, and his first concern is not the endangerment of their souls but the trouble that the scandal will cause him. It is possible—and likely, from his point of view—that members in the community would make use of a moral transgression to ruin him.
Character analysis of the crucible
The idea of guilt by association is crucible to the events in The Crucibleas it is one of the many ways in which the private, moral behavior of citizens can be regulated. An individual must fear that the sins of his or her friends and associates will taint his or her own name.
Therefore, the individual is pressured to govern his or her private relationships according to public opinion and public law. In this way, guilt by association also reinforces the publicization of naked sins. The allegations of witchcraft only render her an even greater threat to him. Putnam, meanwhile, has his own set of grudges against his fellow Salemites. A rich man from an influential Salem family, he believes that his status grants him the right to worldly success.
Yet he has been thwarted, both in his efforts to make his brother-in-law minister, and in his family life, where his children have all died in infancy. Putnam is well-positioned to use the witch trials to express The feelings of persecution and undeserved failure, and to satisfy his need for revenge.
Act i: opening scene to the entrance of john proctor
His wife feels similarly wronged—like many Puritans, she is all too willing to blame the tragic deaths of her children on supernatural causes—and seeks similar retribution for what she perceives as the malevolent doings of others. SparkTeach Teacher's Handbook. Why is the play called The Crucible?
What is a crucible? Did the girls really see the Devil or witches? Why did Tituba confess to dancing with the Devil? Was John still in love with Abigail? What causes tension between John and Elizabeth Proctor?
Who is to blame in the salem witch trials
Why is Rebecca Nurse accused of witchcraft? Why is Elizabeth Proctor accused of witchcraft? What happens when Mary Warren tells the court the truth about the girls acting bewitched? Why does Reverend Hale change his mind about the witch trials? Summary The play is set in Salem, Massachusetts, ; the government is a theocracy—rule by God through religious officials.
Analysis The Crucible is a play about the intersection of private sins with paranoia, hysteria, and religious intolerance. Test your knowledge Take the Act 1, part 1 Quick Quiz.
Popular s: The Crucible. Take a Study Break.